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介绍中国有趣的事情

时间:2021-02-22 11:27编辑:food

春节舞龙

耍龙灯也叫“舞龙”、“龙灯舞”,是我国独具特色的民间娱乐活动。从春节到元宵灯节,我国城乡广大地区都有耍龙灯的习俗。经过千百年的沿袭、发展,耍龙灯已成为一种形式活泼、表演优美、带有浪漫色彩的民间舞蹈。 耍龙灯起源于人们对龙的迷信,距今已有两千多年的历史。在古代人们用舞龙祈祷龙的保佑,以求得风调雨顺,五谷丰登。

耍龙灯的主要道具是“龙”。龙用草、竹、木纸、布等扎制而成,龙的节数以单数为吉利,多见九节龙、十一节龙、十三节龙,多者可达二十九节。十五节以上的龙就比较笨重,不宜舞动,主要是用来观赏,这种龙特别讲究装璜,具有很高的工艺价值。还有一种“火龙”,用竹篾编成圆筒,形成笼子,糊上透明、漂亮的龙衣,内燃蜡烛或油灯,夜间表演十分壮观。

龙灯的耍法有多种,九节以内的侧重于花样技巧,较常见的动作有:蛟龙漫游、龙头钻档子、头尾齐钻、龙摆尾和蛇蜕皮等。十一节、十三节的龙,侧重于动作表演,金龙追逐宝珠,飞腾跳跃,时而飞冲云端,时而入海破浪。非常好看。

舞龙的习俗在海外华人那里得到了发扬和光大。每逢中国人的传统节日和重大庆典活动,他们就会舞起狮子,耍起龙灯,呈现出一片浓浓的东方气概。
Spring Festival dragon


Play LongDeng also called "dragon", "LongDeng dance", is China's unique folk entertainment activities. The Spring Festival, Lantern Festival from the vast area in urban and rural areas in China have played LongDeng custom. After thousands of the inheritance and development, make fun of LongDeng has become a beautiful and lively form, performance with romantic colorific folk dances. Play LongDeng originated in people for dragon superstition, it has more than 2,000 years of history. In ancient people pray with dragon to seek bless, dragon, the grain and multiply it good.


Play the main props LongDeng is "dragon". Dragon with grass, bamboo, wood paper, cloth, etc and become, copper dragon festival for geely, hundreds of singular see more nine section dragons, 11 section dragons, ten quarters dragon, much can reach 29 knots. The dragon is more than 15 quarter is clunky, unfavorable dance, is mainly used to watch, the dragon particularly exquisite decoration, has the very high technology value. Still have a kind of "dragon", with ZhuMie into cylinder cage, paste, forming the transparent, beautiful dragon clothes, diesel candles or the lamp and night show quite spectacular.


The law is a variety of LongDeng stiffed, nine section of focused on figure within the movement, is relatively common techniques are: flood dragon roaming, bibcock drill head and tail together, sort of drill, dragon put tail and snakes shed and regrow their skin, etc. Eleven section, ten quarters dragon, focused on action performances, jinlong chasing the pearls, leap, sometimes ascended into the clouds, sometimes flying blunt waves. It's very nice.


Dragon in overseas Chinese custom of get develop and flourishing. Every Chinese traditional festival celebration activities and major, they will dance up the lion, play up LongDeng, present a piece of thick Oriental manhood.
压岁钱

春节拜年时,长辈要将事先准备好的压岁钱分给晚辈,据说压岁钱可以压住邪祟,因为“岁”与“祟”谐音,晚辈得到压岁钱就可以平平安安度过一岁。压岁钱有两种,一种是以彩绳穿线编作龙形,置于床脚,此记载见于《燕京岁时记》;另一种是最常见的,即由家长用红纸包裹分给孩子的钱。压岁钱可在晚辈拜年后当众赏给,亦可在除夕夜孩子睡着时,由家长愉偷地放在孩子的枕头底下。

民间认为分压岁钱给孩子,当恶鬼妖魔或“年”去伤害孩子时,孩子可以用这些钱贿赂它们而化凶为吉。清人吴曼云《压岁钱》的诗中云:“百十钱穿彩线长,分来再枕自收藏,商量爆竹谈箫价,添得娇儿一夜忙”。由此看来,压岁钱牵系着一颗颗童心,而孩子的压岁钱主要用来买鞭炮、玩具和糖果等节日所需的东西。
现在长辈为晚辈分送压岁钱的习俗仍然盛行,压岁饯的数额从几十到几百不等,这些压岁钱多被孩子们用来购买图书和学习用品,新的时尚为压岁钱赋予了新的内容。
Lucky money


The Spring Festival, the elders will best prepared to junior, it is said that money can be pinned XieSui money, because "old" and "was" homophonic, junior get lucky money can spend a year in peace. New Year's money has two, one is the color rope platted a dragon, park sprung recorded in the foot of the bed, the record "; age yanjing Another kind is the most common, namely with red paper parcel by parents to children's money. Money paid in junior after, yi ke shangji in public when the baby fell asleep on New Year's eve, the parents please on child stealing under her pillow.


Folk think points child, when New Year's money for the evil spirit evil or "year" to hurt the child, the child can use this money to bribe them and turn evil to achish. QingRen WuManYun "lucky money" poems cloud: "100 money wear colour line length, points to another pillow talk collection, to discuss the flute price, add fireworks to hear night busy". Consequently, lucky money set on each childishness, and the child's New Year's money is mainly used to buy firecracker, toys and candy festivals such as wants.

Now the money for junior distributed elders remained popular, pressure old custom from dozens of amount of one to several hundred dollars, these New Year's money is children used to buy books and learning supplies, new fashion for New Year's money endowed with new content.
倒贴福字

每逢新春佳节,家家户户都要在屋门上、墙壁上、门楣上贴上大大小小的“福”字。春节贴“福”字,是我国民间由来已久的风俗。据《梦梁录》记载:“岁旦在迩,席铺百货,画门神桃符,迎春牌儿……”;“士庶家不论大小,俱洒扫门闾,去尘秽,净庭户,换门神,挂钟旭,钉桃符,贴春牌,祭把祖宗”。文中的“贴春牌”即是写在红纸上的“福”字。

“福”字现在的解释是“幸福”,而在过去则指“福气”、“福运”。春节贴“福”字,无论是现在还是过去,都寄托了人们对幸福生活的向往,也是对美好未来的祝愿。民间为了更充分地体现这种向往和祝愿,干脆将“福”字倒过来贴,表示“幸福已倒”“福气已到”。“福”字倒贴在民间还有一则传说。明太祖朱璋当年用“福”字作暗记准备杀人。好心的马皇后为消除这场灾祸,令全城大小人家必须在天明之前在自家门上贴上一个“福”字。马皇后的旨意自然没人敢违抗,于是家家门上都贴了“福”字。其中有户人家不识字,竟把“福”字贴倒了。第二天,皇帝派人上街查看,发现家家都贴了“福”字,还有一家把“福”字贴倒了。皇帝听了禀报大怒,立即命令御林军把那家满门抄斩。马皇后一看事情不好,忙对朱元漳说:“那家人知道您今日来访,故意把福字贴倒了,这不是“福到”的意思吗?”皇帝一听有道理,便下令放人,一场大祸终于消除了。从此人们便将福字倒贴起来,一求吉利,二为纪念马皇后。

民间还有将“福”字精描细做成各种图案的,图案有寿星、寿桃、鲤鱼跳龙门、五谷丰登、龙凤呈祥等。过去民间有“腊月二十四,家家写大字”的说法,“福”字以前多为手写,现在市场、商店中均中出售。
DaoTie hang "happiness" upside down


Every Spring Festival, in every household pushes on the wall, signage, pasted greatly small "f" word. The Spring Festival is stuck "f" word, is our country folk time-honoured custom. According to the dream LiangLu "account:" old table in you, Dan shop TaoFu, department, painting keeper chun brand son..." ; "The ordinary SaSao home no matter size, all Lv, dedusting shouts door, net court door, door, wall clock change, nail, stick TaoFu solectron the fathers, offering spring brand." The text of the "stick spring brand" is written in red paper "f" word.


"F" word now is the explanation of "happiness", and in the past is to "good luck", "fu luck". The Spring Festival is stuck "fu" character, no matter at present or in the past, rely on people to happiness life yearning, but also to the glorious future wishes. Folk to more fully reflect this yearning and wishes, simply will "fu" character topsy-turvy stick, said "happiness" good luck has already poured "to". "F" word DaoTie in folk and there is a legend. In MingTaiZu ZhuZhang with "fu" character as AnJi ready to kill. Good empress ma to eliminate the disaster, make the city before dawn somebody else must in size in ZiGuMen pasted a "f" word. Empress ma will naturally nobody dared to defy, then posted on home house "fu" character. There are families illiterate delivered "fu" character stick down. The next day, the emperor sent people took to the streets to investigate and found everybody posted a "fu" character, also a "f" word stick down. The emperor heard tell great anger, immediately order the YuLinJun put that ManMen ChaoZhan. Empress ma a look of things are bad for zhu yuan, busy observation said: "the family know you visit today, hang" happiness "upside down intentionally pour, this not stick to the" meaning "happiness?" The emperor to reasonable, then ordered the release, a catastrophe finally eliminated. From then on, people will DaoTie rise, a hang "happiness" upside down for giovanni cobolli gigli, secondly, commemorative empress ma.


Folk and will "fu" character essence made all kinds of patterns traced the fine design feasted, peach, carp have jumped longmen, the grain and multiply it, longfeng ChengXiang etc. In the past, "December 24 folk that every write characters", "fu" character used to be handwritten, now market, stores are for sale.

本文标签: 事情 有趣 中国

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